English שלחו לחבר

פרופ' אליעזר (אד) גרינשטיין

פרופ' מן המניין
בניין 410 חדר 103
קורות חיים

Department of Bible                                                   Home address:

Bar Ilan University                                                     42 Zippori Street

Ramat Gan 52900 Israel                                             Jerusalem 94544 Israel

Email: ed.greenstein@biu.ac.il, greenstein.ed@gmail.com

Born: 18 January 1949, Rockville Centre, New York

Citizenship: U.S.A., Israel (since 1996)

Married with two adult children (one married)




1966-1970            History                                                  BA          Columbia University

1966-1970            Bible                                                      BHL        Jewish Theological Seminary

1970-1971            Bible and Semitics                            ----         Hebrew University of Jerusalem

1970-1971            Rabbinic Literature                          ----         Schechter  Insitute, Jerusalem

1971-1974            Jewish Studies                                  MA         Jewish Theological Seminary

1971-1975            Ancient Semitic Languages          MPhil    Columbia University

1975-1977            Ancient Semitic Languages          PhD        Columbia University



Full appointments

1977-1983                            Bible                      Assistant Prof.   Jewish Theological Seminary

1983-1989                            Bible                      Associate Prof. Jewish Theological Seminary

1989-1996                            Bible                      Full Professor    Jewish Theological Seminary

1996-2006                            Bible                      Full Professor    Tel Aviv University

2006-                                     Bible                      Full Professor    Bar Ilan University

Part-time appointments

1975-1977                            Semitics               Preceptor                            Columbia University

1975-1976                            Bible                      Lecturer                               Hebrew Union College-JIR

1975-1979                            Bible/Hebrew    Adjunct Lecturer              Hunter College

1976                                       Bible                      Preceptor                            Jewish Theological Seminary

1979-1980                            Bible                      Lecturer                              Union Theological Seminary

1982-1983                            Semitics               Adjunct  Lecturer             Columbia University

1983-1984                            sabbatical leave                                                                Jewish Theological Seminary

1985-1987                            Semitics               Visiting Lecturer               Columbia University

1985                                       Religion                                Visiting Associate Prof.                  Princeton University

1986                                       Bible      Visiting Associate Prof.                  Union Theological Seminary

1986-1988                            Bible      Visiting Associate Prof.  Reconstructionist Rabbinical College

1987                                       Religion                               Visiting Associate Prof.  Yale University

1987-1989                            Semitics               Adjunct Associate Prof. Columbia University

1990                                       Religion                                Visiting Professor             Yale University

1990-1991                            Semitics               Adjunct Professor           Columbia University

1991-1993                            sabbatical and research leave                     Hebrew University

1991-1992                            Bible                      Visiting Professor             Schechter Institute

1992-1993                            Bible                      Visiting Professor             Hebrew University

1992-1993                            Bible                      Visiting Professor             Tel Aviv University

1996 (summer)                 Bible                      Visiting Professor             Jewish Theological Seminary

1996-1999                            Bible                      Visiting Professor             Bar Ilan University

2000 (spring-summer)   Bible                      Visiting Professor             Jewish Theological Seminary

2004 (summer)                 Bible                      Visiting Professor             Jewish Theological Seminary

2004-2010                            Bible                      Visiting Professor     Hebrew U.  International School

2005-2006                            Bible                      Visiting Professor             Schechter Institute

2006 (summer)                 Bible                      Visiting Professor             Jewish Theological Seminary

2007 (summer)                 Bible                      Visiting Professor             Jewish Theological Seminary

2008 (summer)                 Bible                      Visiting Professor             Jewish Theological Seminary

2011 (summer)                 Bible                      Visiting Professor             Jewish Theological Seminary

2012 (spring)                      Bible      Visiting Professor             Hebrew Union College (Israel)

2014 (summer)                 Bible                      Visiting Professor             Jewish Theological Seminary

2015 (spring)                      Bible                      Visiting Professor             Tel Aviv University



Committees and Roles Inside Bar Ilan University

2006-2007            Member              University Senate

2007-2011            Member              Committee on Outside Employment

2007--                   Board Member Jeselsohn Center for Epigraphy in Jewish History

2009--                   Head                     Institute for Jewish Biblical Interpretation

2010-16 Member              Graduate School Committee

2011-2013            Member              University Committee on Appointments

2011-2015            Member              University Committee on Instruction

2011-2015            Member              Post-Doctoral Fellowships for Women Committee

2012--                   Holder of Meiser Chair in Biblical Studies

2012--                   Holder of Merkin Chair in Abraham Ibn Ezra Exegesis

2012--                   Member              Weiser Chair in Jewish Exegesis Committee

2012--                   Member              University Senate

2013-2015            Mentor                Research Grant Writing, Faculty of Jewish Studies

2014--                   Member              Committee to Examine School of Basic Jewish Studies

2015-2017            Head                     (Interdisciplinary Graduate) Program in Hermeneutics

                                                                and Cultural Studies


Committees and Roles outside Bar Ilan University

(excluding numerous evaluations of manuscripts for publishers and articles for journals, including only most important roles)

Administrative Roles in Academic Institutions

1979-1984            Assistant Chair, Bible      Jewish Theological Seminary

1980-1987            Academic Adviser, College           Jewish Theological Seminary

1984                       Acting Chair, Bible            Jewish Theological Seminary

1984-1985            Acting Dean, College      Jewish Theological Seminary

1985-1989            Chair, Bible                         Jewish Theological Seminary

2004-2005            Chair, Bible Dept.             Tel Aviv University

2004-2006            Member, Committee on Appointments                Tel Aviv University

2005-2006            Head, Bible Program       Tel Aviv University


Academic Boards and Committees

1973-1974            Associate Editor The Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society

1974--                   Editor/Coeditor  The Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society (an annual)

1977-1984            Consultant in Bible          Melton Research Center in Jewish Education

1979-1990            Associate Editor                                Prooftexts: A Journal of Jewish Literary History

1981-1983            Board member                 Association of Jewish Studies

1984-1985            Consultant for WNET television series “Civilization and the Jews”

1985-1989            Board member                 Jewish Publication Society

1985-1995            Advisory board member               Indiana Studies in Biblical Literature

1987                       Chair      Conference on the State of Jewish Studies, Jewish Theol. Seminary

1987-1990            Editorial Board member                                Hebrew Annual Review

1987-1990            Chair      Columbia University Seminar for the Study of the Hebrew Bible

1988-1990            Chair of Ugaritic Studies Group                  Society of Biblical Literature

1988-1990            Board member                 Association for Jewish Studies

1988-1993            Editor                    Society of Biblical Literature Semeia Studies (book series)

1988-1993            Editorial Board member                                                Semeia (journal)

1990-1992            Consultant for Core Exhibit          The Jewish Museum (New York)

1995                       Special editor                     The Schocken Bible 1: The Five Books of Moses by

 Everett Fox

1995-1998            Editorial Board member                                Biblicon (journal)

1997-2013            Board member                 World Union of Jewish Studies

1999-2000            Member                              Israel Prize in Bible Committee

2001-2003            Chair, Grants Committee for Bible and Talmud  Israel Science Foundation

2002-2006            Academic Consultant for Bible Publlications         The Open University

2002-2006            Publications committee member              Te’uda  (academic  series)

2002-2008            Associate editor                               Society of Biblical Literature Writings from the

                                                                                Ancient World (book series)

2003--                   Academic Advisory Board member         Resling Publications 

2003-2004            Chair                      Israel Association for Assyriology and the Ancient Near East

2003-2005            Academic Consultant     MaTaH (Centre for Educational Technology )

2004                       Academic Consultant in Bible                      Reches Publications

2005-2013            Academic Council member          World Union of Jewish Studies

2005--                   Trustee                                W. F. Abright Institute for Archaeological Research

2005                       Organizer of symposium   “The Contribution of Assyriology to Biblical

                                                                                Studies,” Tel Aviv University, February 24.

2006-2009            Supervisory Committee member             Council for Higher Education

2006-2010            Advisory Committee in Bible       Schechter Institute of Jewish Studies

2008--                   Trustee                Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture

2008-2010            Chair, Grants Committee for Biblical Studies        Israel Science Foundation

2009-2010            Chair of committee                         Israel Prize in Bible  

2009-2013            Executive board member             World Union of Jewish Studies

2009-2013            Academic Council member          Schechter Institute for Judaic Studies

2010-2013            Chair, Supervisory Committee                   Council for Higher Education

2010-2013            Academic consultant in Bible      Kinneret-Zmora-Bitan-Dvir Publications

2010-2013            Chair, Biblical World section         World Union of Jewish Studies

2011-                     Committee member for post-doctoral fellowships in Jewish Studies        Yad

                                                                                                Hanadiv/Beracha Foundation

2012                       Committee member for E. E. Urbach Memorial Fellowships         Memorial

                                                Foundation for Jewish Studies and World Union of Jewish Studies

2013--                   Board member                                 Schechter Institute for Judaic Studies

2014-2015            Chair of committee                         Israel Prize in Bible

2015-                     Committee member      International Advisory Board of the

Katz Center for Advanced Jewish Studies, University of Pennsylvania

2015                       Committee member      President (of the State of Israel)’s                                                           Doctoral Fellowships

2016--                   Member, Editorial Board              Hermeneutics and Cultural Studies, new book series (Hebrew)

Research Grants (since 2010)

2010                       Book of Job                        Beit Shalom Japan                           $2,000

2011                       Book of Job                        Beit Shalom Japan                           $1,000

2012-2014            Fugitive Hero Stories      Israel Science Foundation            NIS 160,000

2013                       Book of Job                        Beit Shalom Japan                           $2,000

2015                       Book of Lamentations    Beit Shalom Japan                           NIS 11,000

2016                       Book of Yashar                  Beit Shalom Japan                           NIS 7,000

2016-18 Reconstructing Early Hebrew Epic Poetry              ISF          NIS 176,000


Awards and Fellowships

1971-1972            National Defense Education Act Fellow  Columbia University

1972-1973            Danciger Foundation Fellow                        Columbia University

1973-1975            President’s Fellow                                           Columbia University

1976-1977            F. J. E. Woodbridge Distinguished Fellow Columbia University

1983-1984            Research Fellowship                       Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture

1983-1984            Abbell Research Fellowship                         Jewish Theological Seminary

1987                       Publication Grant                                             Max Richter Foundation

1989                       Summer Research Stipend          National Endowment for the Humanities

1991-1992            Senior Research Fellowship         National Endowment for the Humanities 

1991-1993            Research Fellowship                       Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture

1992-1993            Fellowship                          John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation

1995-1998            Guastella Fellow (for distinguished immigrant scholars)  Raschi Foundation

2001                       Publication Grant                                             Dorot Foundation

2001                       Publication Grant                                             Lucius N. Littauer Foundation

2001                       Publication Grant                             School of Jewish Studies, Tel Aviv University

2001-2002            Fellowship                          Institute for Advanced Studies, Hebrew University

2006-2009            Gwendolyn and Joseph Straus  Distinguished Scholar      Bar Ilan University

2008-2010            Research Grant                                                 Israel Science Foundation


Student Advising

1983                       Israel Haggay                     DHL (Doctor of Hebrew Literature)

1988                       Yaakov Thompson           DHL

1988                       Amnon Shapira                 DHL

1989                       Deborah Bedor                 DHL

1991                       Eliezra Herzog                    PhD

1991                       Ora Horn Prouser             PhD

1993                       Alice Bach                            PhD

1993                       Emanuel  Ben-Naeh        DHL

1997                       Arie Cohen                         DHL

1997                       Robert  A. Harris               PhD

1997                       Vesta Kowalski                  PhD

1997                       Sara Goldberger               MA

2000                       Yitzhak Peleg                     PhD

2000                       Moshe Haggai                   DHL

2001                       Amira Baider                      MA

2001                       Yafit Miodovnik                MA

2003                       Ruth Gerry                          MA

2003                       Joshua Berman                 PhD

2004                       Rachel Bartal                      MA

2004                       Dmitri Slivniak                    PhD

2004                       Varda Bergman                 MA

2005                       Shirly Natan Yulzary        MA

2005                       Jaeyoung Jeon                  MA

2005                       Sharon Shvartz                  MA

2006                       Michal Mayorchik            MA

2006                       Assnat Bartor                     PhD

2006                       Amnon Shapira                 PhD

2007                       Ora Brison                           MA

2007                       Bat-sheva Brosh               PhD

2008                       Yaakov Ben-Basat            MA

2008                       Osnat Faust                        PhD

2009                       Amira Baider                      PhD

2009                       Yoshiyahu Fargeon          MA

2009                       Zvi Shimon                          PhD

2010                       Micha Roi                            PhD

2010                       Adi  Azruel Sharabi          MA

2010                       Howard Markose             MA

2011                       Orit Avnery                         PhD

2011                       Shirly Natan Yulzary        PhD

2011                       Adiel Cohen                       PhD

2012                       Jaeyoung  Jeon                 PhD

2012                       Noga  Ayali Darshan        PhD

2013                       Ehud Shevach                    PhD

2014                       Aviya  Fraenkel                 MA

2014                       Yoshiyahu  Fargeon         PhD

2015                       ShinAe  Kim                        PhD

2015                       Howard Markose             PhD

2016                       LapKuen Lee                      MA

Postdoctoral students

Michael Seleznev (Yad Ha-Nadiv Fellow, Jerusalem, 1999-2000).

Robert D. Holmstedt (Fulbright Fellow, Jerusalem, 2000-2001).

Alison Lo (by request of Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 2003-2004).

Itzhak Benyamini (Bar-Ilan University, 2012-2013).


ספרות החכמה

הספרות הכנענית הקדומה

ספרות המקרא וספרות המזרח הקדום

סיפורת המקרא

שירת המקרא

גישות פוסט-מודרניות בחקר המקרא

בלשנות שמית


ספר איוב

אמנות השירה בספר איוב

ספר קהלת

מבוא לספרות החכמה

בעיית הרע במקרא ובעולמו

הקינה במקרא ובמזרח הקדום

מגילת איכה

מגילות רות ואסתר

ספרות מקראית וספרות כנענית

כתבי אוגרית והמקרא

סיפורי הגיבור הבורח במקרא ובמזרח הקדום

כתובות מתקופת המקרא

תורת הקוראים וסיפורי המקרא

גישות פוסט-מודרניות בפרשנות המקרא

פרשנות פמיניסטית למקרא

הומור במקרא

רעיונות ביסוד החוק במקרא



Publications (Academic)

PhD dissertation:

“Phonological Studies in Akkadian” (sponsor:  Prof. Moshe Held).


The Hebrew Bible in Literary Criticism (Library of Literary Criticism; New York: Frederick

 Ungar, 1986; co-compiled and co-edited with Alex Preminger).

Essays on Biblical Method and Translation (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989).


“The Akkadian Inscription of Idrimi,” Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society 8 (1976),

 pp. 59-96 (co-authored with David Marcus).

“The Phonology of Akkadian Syllable Structure,” Afroasiatic Linguistics 9 (1984),                pp. 1-71.

Commentaries and Editions


“The Book of Exodus” (introduction and annotations) in The HarperCollins Study Bible

                (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1993), pp. 77-150; revised for 2006 edition, pp.


“Kirta” [critical transcription and verse translation with introduction and bibliography], in

                Ugaritic Narrative Poetry, ed. Simon B. Parker (Writings from the Ancient

                World; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1997), pp. 9-48 (plus bibliography).

“The Book of Job” (introduction and annotations), in The Jewish Study Bible, 2nd ed., ed.

                Adele Berlin and Marc Z. Brettler (Oxford University Press; 2014), pp. 1489-1556.

Edited Books

Near Eastern Studies in Memory of M. M. Bravmann (New York: Journal of the Ancient

                Near Eastern Society, 1981).

Ancient Studies in Memory of Elias Bickerman (New York: Journal of the Ancient Near

Eastern Society, 1985-86).

Semitic Studies in Memory of Moshe Held (New York: Journal of the Ancient Near

Eastern Society, 1989; coedited with David Marcus).

The State of Jewish Studies (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1990; coedited with

Shaye J. D. Cohen).

Comparative Studies in Honor of Yochanan Muffs (New York: Journal of the Ancient

                Near Eastern Society, 1993; coedited with David Marcus).

Stanley Fish, Is There a Text in This Class? (Tel Aviv:  Resling Publications; Hebrew edition;


Marbeh Ḥokmah: Studies in the Bible and the Ancient Near East in Loving Memory of Victor

                Avigdor Hurowitz (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2015; coedited with S. Yona, M. I.

                Gruber, P. Machinist, and S. M. Paul).

Book Chapters (including large encyclopedia articles)

“An Equivocal Reading of the Sale of Joseph,” in Literary Interpretations of Biblical

Narratives, Volume II, ed. Kenneth R. R. Gros Louis et al.              (Nashville: Abingdon Press,

1982), pp. 114-25, 306-10.

“How Does Parallelism Mean?” in A Sense of Text (Jewish Quarterly Review        Supplement, 1983), pp. 41-70.

“Biblical Law,” in Back to the Sources, ed. Barry W. Holtz (New York: Summit Books, 1984),

                pp. 83-103.

“Medieval Bible Commentaries,”  in Back to the Sources, ed. Barry W. Holtz (New York:

                Summit Books, 1984), pp. 213-59.

“Literature, the Old Testament as,” in Harper’s Bible Dictionary, ed. Paul E. Achtemeier (New

York: Harper & Row, 1985), pp. 567-71 (bibliography  updated for revised  1996


“Sources of the Pentateuch,” in  Harper’s Bible Dictionary, ed. Paul E. Achtemeier (New

                York: Harper & Row, 1985), pp. 983-86 (bibliography updated for the

                1996 edition).

“Psalms,” in Encyclopedia of Religion, ed. Mircea Eliade (New York: Macmillan, 1987), vol.

                12, pp. 38-45 (bibliography updated for revised 2004 edition).

“History and Religion: Reflections on Ralbag’s Torah Commentary,” in The Seminary at 100,

                ed. Nina B. Cardin and David W. Silverman (New York: Rabbinical Assembly, 1987),

pp. 1979-85.

“A Jewish Reading of Esther,” in Judaic Perspectives on Ancient Israel, ed. Jacob               Neusner et

                al. (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1987), pp. 225-43.

“Genealogy as a Code in Genesis,” in Approaches to Teaching the Hebrew Bible in English,

ed. Barry N. Olshen and Yael S. Feldman (New York: Modern Language Association,

1989), pp. 102-5.

“What Might Make a Bible Translation Jewish?” in Translation of Scripture (Jewish

                Quarterly Review Supplement, 1990), pp. 77-101.

“Biblical Studies in a State,” in The State of Jewish Studies, ed. Shaye J. D. Cohen and

                Edward L. Greenstein (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1990), pp. 23-46.

“On Feely-Harnick’s Reading of Ruth,” in Text and Tradition: The Hebrew Bible and Folklore,

                ed. Susan Niditch (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1991), pp. 185-91.

“An Introduction to a Generative Phonology of Biblical Hebrew,” in Linguistics and Biblical

                Hebrew, ed. Walter R. Bodine (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1992), pp. 29-40.

“Humor and Wit (Old Testament,” in Anchor Bible Dictionary,ed. David Noel Freedman

(Doubleday, 1992), vol. 3, pp. 330-33.

“Wordplay (Hebrew),” in Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. David Noel Freedman (Doubleday,

                1992), vol. 6, pp. 968-71.

“Sensitivity to Language in Rashi’s Torah Commentary,” Solomon Goldman Lectures 6, ed.

                Mayer I. Gruber (Spertus College of Judaica, 1993), pp. 51-71.

“Interpretation: The Fourfold Method,” in New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and

                Poetics, ed. A. Preminger and T. Brogan (Princeton University Press, 1993;

                Coauthored  with  M. Bloomfield), pp. 619-20.

“Misquotation of Scripture in the Dead Sea Scrolls,” in Frank Talmage Memorial                Volume I,

                ed. Barry Walfish (Haifa University Press, 1993), pp. 71-83.

“An Inner-Biblical Midrash of the Nadav and Avihu Episode,” in Proceedings of the Eleventh

                World Congress of Jewish Studies, Division A (Jerusalem: World Union of Jewish

Studies, 1994), pp. 71-78 (in Hebrew).

“A Literary Solution to a Philological Crux: The Case of Exodus 11:7,” in The Bible In Light of

Its Interpreters (Sarah Kamin Memorial Volume), ed. Sara Japhet  (Jerusalem:

Magnes Press, 1994), pp. 587-600 (in Hebrew).

“Autobiographies in Ancient Western Asia,” in Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed.

                 Jack M. Sasson (New York: Scribner’s, 1995), vol. 4, pp. 2421-32.

“The Firstborn Plague and the Reading Process,” in Pomegranates and Golden Bells: Studies

                in Biblical, Jewish, and Near Eastern Ritual, Law, and Literature in Honor of Jacob

                Milgrom, ed. David P. Wright et al. (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1995), pp. 555-68.

“The Loneliness of Job,” in The Book of Job in Scripture, Thought, and Art, ed. Lea Mazor

                (Jerusalem: Mount Scopus Publications, 1995), pp. 43-53 (in Hebrew).

“A Forensic Understanding of the Speech from the Whirlwind,” in Texts, Temples, and

                Traditions: A Tribute to Menahem Haran, ed. Michael V. Fox et al. (Winona  Lake:

                Eisenbrauns, 1996), pp. 241-58.

“Reading Strategies and the Story of Ruth,” in Women in the Hebrew Bible, ed. Alice Bach

 (New York: Routledge, 1998), pp. 211-31.

“The Retelling of the Flood Story in the Gilgamesh Epic,” in Hesed ve-Emet: Studies In Honor

of Ernest S. Frerichs, ed. Jodi L. Magness and Seymour Gitin (Atlanta: Scholars Press,

1998), pp. 197-204.

“Jethro’s Wit: An Interpretation of Wordplay in Exodus 18,” in On the Way to Nineveh:

                Studies in Honor of George M. Landes, ed. Stephen L. Cook and Sara C. Winter

                (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999), pp. 155-71.

“The God of Israel and the Gods of Canaan: How Different Were They?” in Proceedings of the

Twelfth World Congress of Jewish Studies, Division A: The Bible and Its World

(Jerusalem: World Union of Jewish Studies, 1999), pp. 47*-58*.

“In Job’s Face/Facing Job,” in The Labour of Reading: Desire, Alienation, and Biblical

                Interpretation (Festschrift for Robert C. Culley), ed. F. C. Black et al. (SBL               Semeia

                Studies, Scholars Press, 1999), pp. 301-17.

“The Role of the Reader in Ugaritic Narrative,” in “A Wise and Discerning Mind”: Essays in

Honor of Burke Long, ed. Robert C. Culley and Saul M. Olyan (Brown Judaic Studies,

2000), pp. 139-51.

“Direct Discourse and Parallelism,” in Studies in Bible and Exegesis, 5: Presented to Uriel

                Simon, ed. S. Vargon et al. (Bar-Ilan University Press, 2000), pp. 33-40 (in Hebrew).

“Recovering ‘The Women Who Serve at the Entrance’,” in Studies in Historical Geography

and Biblical Historiography Presented to Zecharia Kallai, ed. G. Galil and M. Weinfeld

(Leiden: Brill, 2000), pp. 165-73.

“The Dietary Laws,” in Etz Hayim Torah and Commentary, ed. David Lieber (The Rabbinical

                Assembly, 2001), pp. 1460-64; reprinted in: Etz Hayim Study Companion, ed. J.

                Blumenthal and J. L. Liss ((New York: Rabbinical Assembly, 2005), pp. 247-255.

“The Lament over the Destruction of City and Temple in Early Israelite Literature,” in

                Homage to Shmuel [Ahituv]: Studies in the World of the Bible, ed. Zipora               Talshir et al.

                (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Press, 2001), pp. 88-97 (in Hebrew).

“Some Developments in the Study of Language and Some Implications for the Study of

                Ancient Languages and Cultures,” in Semitic Linguistics: The State of the Art at the

Turn of the Twenty-First Century, ed. Shlomo Izre’el (= Israel Oriental Studies 20;

2002), pp. 441-79.

“God’s Golem: The Creation of the Human in Genesis 2,” in Creation in Jewish and Christian

                Tradition, ed. Yair Hoffman & Henning G. Reventlow (Sheffield Academic Press,

                2002), pp. 219-39.

“The Poem on Wisdom in Job 28 in Its Conceptual and Literary Contexts,” in Job 28:

                Cognition in Context, ed. Ellen van Wolde (Leiden: Brill, 2003), pp. 253-80.

“Biblical Prose Narrative and Early Canaanite Narrative,” in Essays on Hebrew Literature in

Honor of Avraham Holtz, ed. Zvia Ginor (New York: Jewish Theological Seminary,

2003), pp. 9-29 (in Hebrew).

“Interpreting the Bible by Way of Its Ancient Cultural Milieu,” in Studies in Jewish

                Education IX: Understanding the Bible in Our Times, Implications for Education, ed.

 Marla L. Frankel & Howard Deitcher (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2003), pp. 61-73 (in


“Another Case of Hiphil in Amarna Age Canaanite,” in Sefer Moshe: The Moshe Weinfeld

                Jubilee Volume, ed. Chaim Cohen et al. (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2004), pp.


“The Wrath at God in the Book of Lamentations,” in The Problem of Evil and Its Symbols in

                Jewish and Christian Tradition, ed. Henning G. Reventlow and Yair Hoffman (JSOT

Supplement; London-New York: T & T Clark International/Continuum, 2004), pp.


“Jeremiah as an Inspiration to the Poet of Job,” in Inspired Speech: Prophecy in the Ancient

Near East—Essays in Honor of Herbert B. Huffmon, ed. John Kaltner and Louis

Stulman (JSOT Supplement; London-New York: T & T Clark International/Continuum,

2004), pp. 98-110.

“The Extent of Job’s First Speech,” in Studies in Bible and Biblical Exegesis, 7, Presented to

 Menachem Cohen, ed. Shmu’el Vargon et al. (Bar-Ilan University Press, 2005), pp.

245-262 (in Hebrew with English abstract).

“Forms and Functions of the Finite Verb in Ugaritic Narrative Verse,” in Biblical Hebrew in Its

 Northwest Semitic Setting, ed. S. Fassberg and A. Hurvitz (Magnes Press and

Eisenbrauns; 2006), pp. 75-102.

“God’s Test of Job,” in Shai le-Sara Japhet: Studies in the Bible, Its Exegesis and

Its Language, ed. M. Bar-Asher et al. (Mossad Bialik; 2007), pp. 263-272 ( in


“Features of Language in the Poetry of Job,” in Das Buch Hiob und seine               Interpretationen,

                ed. Thomas Krüger et al. (Abhandlungen zur Theologie des Alten und Neuen

                Testaments, Zurich, 2007), pp. 81-96.

“Sages with a Sense of Humor: The Babylonian Dialogue between a Master and His Servant

and the Book of Qohelet,” in Wisdom Literature in Mesopotamia and Israel, ed. R. J.

Clifford (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2007), pp. 55-65 [revised version of a

Hebrew article from 1999].

“‘On My Skin and in My Flesh’: Personal Experience as a Source of Knowledge in              the Book of

Job,” in Bringing the Hidden to Light: Studies in Honor of Stephen A. Geller, ed. K. F.

Kravitz and D. M. Sharon (The Jewish Theological Seminary and Eisenbrauns; 2007),

pp. 63-77.

“The Poetic Use of Akkadian in the Book of Job,” in The Avi Hurvitz Festschrift, ed.

                S. Fassberg and A. Maman (Mehqarim be-Lashon; Jerusalem, 2008), pp. 51-68

(in Hebrew with English abstract).

“Reanalysis in Biblical and Babylonian Poetry,” in Birkat Shalom: Studies in the Bible, Ancient

                Near Eastern Literature, and Postbiblical Judaism Presented to Shalom M. Paul on

                the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday, ed. Chaim Cohen et al. (Eisenbrauns, 2008),

                vol. 1, pp. 499-510.

“The Canaanite Pantheon as Reflected in the Ugaritic Texts,” in Ancient Gods:  Polytheism in

                Eretz Israel and Neighboring Countries from the Second Millennium BCE to the

Islamic Period, ed. Menahem Kister et al. (Jerusalem:  Yad Ben-Zvi Press, 2008), pp.

47-63 (in Hebrew).

“The Book of Lamentations: Response to Destruction or Ritual of Rebuilding?” in Religious

 Responses to Political Crisis, Ed. Henning G. Reventlow and Yair Hoffman (T & T

Clark International; 2008), pp. 52-71.

“Remarks on Some Metaphors in the Book of Job,” in Studies in Bible and Exegesis, 9,

                Presented to Moshe Garsiel, ed. S. Vargon et al. (Bar-Ilan University Press;  2009), pp.

                231-41 (in Hebrew).

“The Problem of Evil in the Book of Job,” in Mishneh Todah: Studies in Deuteronomy and Its

                Cultural Environment in Honor of Jeffrey H. Tigay, ed. Nili S. Fox et al. (Eisenbrauns,

2009), pp. 333-62.

“Aramaisms in the Bible. I. Hebrew Bible/Old Testament,” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its

                Reception, ed. Hans-Josef Klauck et al., vol. 2 (Berlin-New York: de Gruyter; 2009),

                cols. 630-34.

“Lamentation and Lament in the Hebrew Bible,” in The Oxford Handbook of Elegy, ed.

                Karen Weisman (Oxford-New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), pp. 67-84.

“‘Difficulty’ in the Poetry of Job,” in A Critical Engagement: Essays on the Hebrew Bible in

Honour of J. Cheryl Exum, ed, David J. A. Clines and Ellen van Wolde (Sheffield

Phoenix Press; 2011), pp. 186-95.

“Wisdom in the Book of Job—Undermined,” in Wisdom, Her Pillars are Seven: Studies in

 Biblical, Post-Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Wisdom Literature, ed. Shamir Yona

and Victor Avigdor Hurowitz (Beer-sheva 20; Ben-Gurion  University of the Negev

Press, 2011), pp. 41-50 (Hebrew with English abstract).

“The Rhetoric of the Ten Commandments,” in The Decalogue in Jewish and Christian

                Tradition, ed. Henning Graf Reventlow and Yair Hoffman (T. and T. Clark

International, 2011), pp. 1-12.

“Some Chapters in the Biography of Job,” in Studies in Bible and Exegesis 10, Presented to

                Shmuel Vargon, ed. M. Garsiel et al. (Ramat-Gan: Bar-Ilan University Press, 2011),

pp. 385-401 (in Hebrew).

“Ugaritic Literature,” in The Literature of the Hebrew Bible: Introductions and Studies,

ed. Zipora Talshir (2 vols.; Jerusalem: Yad Ben-Zvi, 2011), pp. 495-522 (in Hebrew).

“Parody as a Challenge to Tradition: The Use of Deuteronomy 32 in the Book of Job,” in

                Reading Job Intertextually, ed. Katharine J. Dell and Will Kynes (Bloomsbury T.

and T. Clark,  2012), pp. 66-78 (plus bibliography).

“Stanley Fish: Always Thinking Again,” in Stanley Fish, Is There a Text in This Class?

                (Hebrew edition; Tel Aviv: Resling Press, 2012), pp. 7-26.

“Reading Pragmatically: The Binding of Isaac,” in Words, Ideas, Worlds: Biblical Essays

in Honour of Yairah Amit, ed.  Athalya Brenner and Frank H. Polak (Sheffield:

Sheffield Phoenix Press; 2012), pp. 102-32.

“Wisdom in Ugaritic,” in Language and Nature: Papers Presented to John Huehnergard

on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday, ed. Rebecca Hasselbach and Na’ama

Pat-El (Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2012), pp. 69-89.

“On the Use of Akkadian in Biblical Hebrew Philology,” in Looking at the Ancient Near

East and the Bible through the Same Eyes: A Tribute to Aaron Skaist, ed.

Kathleen Abraham and Joseph Fleishman (Bethesda, MD: CDL Press, 2012), pp.


“Hebrew Poetry: Biblical Poetry,” The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 4th ed.,

                ed. Roland Greene (Princeton University Press, 2012), pp. 601-3, 609.

“Psalm,” The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 4th ed., ed. Roland Greene

(Princeton University Press, 2012; coauthored with Robert Alter), pp. 1123-24.

“Parallelism,” in The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 4th ed., ed. Roland

Greene (Princeton University Press, 2012; coauthored with M. P. O’Connor), pp.


“Methodological Principles in Determining that the So-Called Jehoash Inscription is

                Inauthentic,” in Puzzling Out the Past: Studies in Northwest Semitic Languages

and Literatures in Honor of Bruce Zuckerman, ed. Marilyn J. Lundberg, Wayne T.

Pitard, and Steven Fine (Brill, 2012), pp. 83-92.

“Some Metaphors in the Poetry of Job,” in Built by Wisdom, Established by Understanding:

Essays on Biblical and Near Eastern Literature in Honor of Adele Berlin, ed. Maxine L.

Grossman (Bethesda, MD: CDL Press, 2013), pp. 179-95. [Revised version of Hebrew

 article published in 2009.]

“The Invention of Language in the Poetry of Job,” in Interested Readers: Essays on the

                Hebrew Bible in Honor of David J. A. Clines, ed.  James  K. Aitken, Jeremy  M. S.

Clines, and Christl M. Maier (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature; 2013), pp. 331-46.

“Three Philological Notes on the Book of Job,” in Zer Rimmonim: Studies               in Biblical

Literature and Exegesis Presented to Professor Rimon Kasher, ed. Michael  Avioz, Elie

Assis, and Yael Shemesh (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature; 2013), pp. 297-308

(in Hebrew).

“Direct Discourse and Parallelism,” in Discourse, Dialogue and Debate in the Bible: Essays in

Honour of Frank Polak, ed. Athalya Brenner-Idan (Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix, 2014),

pp. 79-91 [revised and expanded English version of a Hebrew article from 2000].

“Decalogue,” in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Law, ed. Brent A. Strawn (2 vols.;

                Oxford-New York: Oxford University Press, 2015), pp. 164-72.

“The Fugitive Hero Narrative Pattern in Mesopotamia,” in Worship, Women, and War: A

                Festschrift for Susan Niditch, ed. Tracy Lemos et al. (Atlanta: Society of Biblical

Literature; 2015), pp. 17-34.

“Finding One’s Way in Proverbs 30:18-19,” in Marbeh hokmah: Memorial Volume for

Victor Avigdor Hurowitz, ed. Shamir Yona et al. (Eisenbrauns; 2015), pp. 261-268.

“Verbal Art and Literary Sensibilities in Ancient Near Eastern Context,” in The Wiley-

                Blackwell Companion to Ancient Israel, ed. Susan Niditch (Wiley-Blackwell; 2016),

 pp. 457-475.

“Noah and Jonah: An Intertextual Interpretation,” in Ushmu’el beqore’e shemo: Shmuel

 (Samuel) Leiter Memorial Volume, ed. Shamma Friedman et al. (Jerusalem: Mossad

Bialik, 2016), pp. 23-32 (in Hebrew).

“The Book of Job and Mesopotamian Literature: How Many Degrees of Separation?” in

                Citation, Allusion, and Translation in the Hebrew Bible, ed. Ziony Zevit

                (London: Equinox Press; forthcoming in 2016).

“A Critique of the Counter-Argument for yaqtul Preterite in Ugaritic,” in Festschrift for

Dennis Pardee, ed. H. Hardy, J. Lam, and E. Reymond (Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago; forthcoming).

“Metaphors of Illness and Wellness in the Book of Job,” Festschrift for C.-L. Seow, ed.

                Scott Jones et al. (BZAW series;  forthcoming).

“Critical Discourse as a Jewish Thing and Its Beginnings in the Bible,” There’s a Jewish Way of

                Saying Things, ed.  Alan Rosen and Jillian Davidson (forthcoming).

“Bildad Lectures Job:  A Close Reading of Job 8,” Close Readings of Biblical Hebrew Poems,

                ed. J. Blake Couey and Elaine James (Cambridge University Press; forthcoming).


Journal Articles

“Another Attestation of Initial h > ’  in West Semitic,” Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern

 Society 5 (1973), pp. 157-64.

“Two Variations of Grammatical Parallelism in Canaanite Poetry and Their Psycholinguistic

Background,” Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society 6 (1974), pp. 87-105.

“A Phoenician Inscription in Ugaritic Script?” Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society 8

(1976), pp. 49-57.

“One More Step on the Staircase,” Ugarit-Forschungen 9 (1977), pp. 77-86.

“Trans-Semitic Idiomatic Equivalency and the Derivation of Hebrew ml’kh,” Ugarit-

Forschungen 11 (1979), pp. 329-36.

“The Assimilation of Dentals and Sibilants with Pronominal š in Akkadian,” Journal of the

Ancient Near Eastern Society 12 (1980), pp. 51-64.

“The Job of Translating Job,” Association for Jewish Studies Newsletter 30 (October 1981),


“Biblical Narratology,” Prooftexts 1 (1981), pp. 201-8.

“The Riddle of Samson,” Prooftexts 1 (1981), pp. 237-60.

“‘To Grasp the Hem’ in Ugaritic Literature,” Vetus Testamentum 32 (1982), pp. 217-18.

“Theories of Modern Bible Translation,” Prooftexts 3 (1983), pp. 9-39.

“The Snaring of Sea in the Baal Epic,” Maarav 3/2 (1983), pp. 195-216.

“The Torah as She Is Read,” Response 47 (Winter 1985), pp. 17-40.

“Professor Robert Gordis and the Literary Approach to Bible,” Proceedings of the

                Rabbinical Assembly 48 (1986), pp. 190-200.

“Robert Alter on Biblical Poetry: A Review Essay,” Hebrew Studies 27 (1986), pp.                82-91.

“Aspects of Biblical Poetry,” Jewish Book Annual 44 (1986-87), pp. 33-42.

“Theory and Argument in Biblical Criticism,” Hebrew Annual Review 10 (1987), pp. 77-92.

“On the Genesis of Biblical Prose Narrative,” Prooftexts 8 (1988), pp. 347-54.

“On the Prefixed Preterite in Biblical Hebrew,” Hebrew Studies 29 (1988), pp. 7-17.

“The Syntax of Saying ‘Yes’ in Biblical Hebrew,” Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society

                19 (1989), pp. 51-59.

“Deconstruction and Biblical Narrative,” Prooftexts 9 (1989), pp. 43-71; reprinted in

                Interpreting Judaism in a Postmodern Age, ed. Steven Kepnes (New York University

                Press, 1995), pp. 21-54.

“The Formation of the Biblical Narrative Corpus,” Association for Jewish Studies Review 15

                (1990), pp. 151-78.

“Mixing Memory and Design: Reading Psalm 78,” Prooftexts 10 (1990), pp. 197-218.

“YHWH’s Lightning in Psalm 29:7,” Maarav 8 (1992), pp. 49-57.

“A Mind to Savage Judaism: A Review Essay,” Judaism 43 (1994), pp. 100-109.

“The Canaanite Literary Heritage in Ancient Hebrew Writing,” Michmanim 9 (1996), pp. 19-

38 (in Hebrew).

“On the Ethics of Translation: A Response,” Semeia 76 (= Race, Class, and the Politics of

                Biblical Translation; 1998), pp. 127-34.

“‘An Eye for an Eye, A Tooth for a Tooth’: Peshat, Derash, and the Question of Context,”

                Resling: A Multi-Disciplinary Stage for Culture  5 (Summer 1998), pp. 31-34 (in


“New Readings in the Kirta Epic,” Israel Oriental Studies 18 (1998), pp. 105-123.

“On a New Grammar of Ugaritic,” Israel Oriental Studies 18 (1998), pp. 397-420.

“Sages with a Sense of Humor: The Babylonian Dialogue between the Master and His

                Servant and the Book of Qohelet,” Beth Mikra 44 (1999), pp. 97-106 (in Hebrew).

“The Ugaritic Epic of Kirta in a Wisdom Perspective,” Te‘uda 16-17 (2001), pp. 1-13 (in


“Presenting Genesis 1, Constructively and Deconstructively,” Prooftexts 21 (2001), pp. 1-22.

“The Multifaceted Exegesis of Nechama Leibowitz and Postmodern Exegesis,” Limmudim 1

(2002), pp. 21-33 (in Hebrew).

“Hermeneutics in the Biblical World: From Dream Interpretation to Textual Exegesis,” Mo‘ed

(2003), pp. 65-78 (in Hebrew).

“The Language of Job and Its Poetic Function,” Journal of Biblical Literature 122 (2003), pp.


“Job’s Wife—Was She Right after All?” Beth Mikra 178 (2004), pp. 19-31 (in Hebrew).

“Truth or Theodicy? Speaking Truth to Power in the Book of Job,” The Princeton Seminary

                Bulletin 27 (2006), pp. 238-58.

“A Pragmatic Pedagogy of Bible,” Journal of Jewish Education 75 (2009), pp. 290-303.

                [Revision of a paper by the same title published on-line in 2006.]

“Wisdom Written in Ugaritic,” Beit Mikra 57 (2012), pp. 72-91 (in Hebrew). [Revised version

                of part of an English article].

“A Woman’s Voice in Lamentations 3,” Shenaton: An Annual for Biblical and Ancient

                Near Eastern Studies 24 (2016), pp. 167-176 (in Hebrew with English abstract).

“What Was the Book of Yashar?” Maarav (forthcoming).

Book reviews

Recherches sur les inscriptions phéniciennes de Karatepe, in Journal of the American

                Oriental Society 102 (1982), pp. 200-201.

The Language and Imagery of the Bible, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 102

                (1982), pp. 657-58.

The Torah: A Modern Commentary, in Journal of Reform Judaism 29 (1982), pp.                80-86.

Hebrew Verse Structure, in Religious Studies Review 9/3 (1983), p. 267.

The Great Code: The Bible and Literature, in The Melton Journal 16 (Spring-Summer 1983),

                pp. 15, 24.

Biblical Semantic Logic, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 105 (1985), pp. 735-736.

The Bible and Its Traditions, in Biblical Archaeologist 48/3 (Sept. 1985), pp. 1911-92.

Affricated Ṣade in the Semitic Languages, in Religious Studies Review 11/4 (Oct. 1985), p.


The Idea of Biblical Poetry: Parallelism and Its History, in Religious Studies Review 12/1

                (January 1986), p. 65.

Genesis, with an Introduction to Narrative Literature, in Journal of the American              Academy of

 Religion 54 (1986), pp. 168-169.

Poetics and Interpretation of Biblical Narrative, in Association for Jewish Studies               Review 12

                (1987), pp. 279-282.

Hapax Legomena in Biblical Hebrew, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (1987),

                pp. 538-539.

Jewish Spirituality from the Bible through the Middle Ages, in Biblical Archaeologist 52/1

                (March 1989), pp. 48-49.

Lethal Love: Feminist Literary Readings of Biblical Love Stories, in Journal of Religion 69

                (1989), pp. 395-396.

Cuneiform, in General Linguistics 29 (1989), pp. 61-64.

Exodus and Revolution, in The Melton Journal 23 (Spring 1990), p. 29.

Poetry with a Purpose: Biblical Poetics and Interpretation, in Judaism 39/1 (Winter  1990),

                pp. 119-121.

The Poetics of Biblical Narrative, in Conservative Judaism 42/4 (Summer 1990), pp. 66-68.

Ugaritic and Hebrew Parallelism, in Hebrew Studies 32 (1991), pp. 162-168.

The Book of J, in Tikkun 6/2 (March-April 1991), pp. 45-46, 92-94.

Perspectives on Language and Text (Francis I. Andersen Festschrift), in Hebrew Studies 33

                (1992), pp. 110-113.

A Manual of Hebrew Poetics, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (1994), pp.


The Phallacy of Genesis: A Feminist-Psychoanalytic Approach, in The Princeton Seminary

                Bulletin 16 (1995), pp. 365-366.

Biblical Hebraica transcripta BHt, vols. 1, 2, 3, 5, in Catholic Biblical Quarterly 58 (1996), pp.


Ugaritic Grammar, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (1997), pp. 618-619.

Probative Pontificating in Ugaritic and Biblical Literature: Collected Essays of Marvin H.

                Pope, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (1998), pp. 568-569.

“You Have Not Spoken What Is Right about Me”: Intertextuality and the Book of Job, in

                Review of Biblical Literature (on-line) 11/2003 (4 pp.).

Talking about God: Job 42:7-9 and the Nature of God in the Book of Job, in Review of

                Biblical Literature (on-line) 7/2004 (4 pp.).

Before the Muses: An Anthology of Akkadian Literature, 3rd expanded edition, in Review

                of Biblical Literature (on-line) 7/2006 (5 pp.).

Rumors of Wisdom: Job 28 as Poetry, in Review of Biblical Literature (on-line) 7/2012 (4 pp.).

The Ugaritic Texts and the Origins of West Semitic Literary Composition, Bulletin of the

                American Schools of Oriental Research  371 (2014), pp. 215-218.

Short encyclopedia  articles

“Aaron,” in Encyclopedia of Religion (New York: Macmillan, 1987), vol. 1, pp. 1-2.

“Cyrus,” in ibid., vol. 4, p. 194 (updated for the 2004 edition).

“Joshua,” in ibid., vol. 8, p. 118 (revised for the 2004 edition).

“Miriam,” in ibid., vol. 9, p. 556 (updated for the 2004 edition).

“Samson,” in ibid., vol. 13, pp. 57-58 (updated for the 2004 edition).

“Alalakh Texts,” in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, ed.

                Eric Meyers (Oxford University Press, 1996), vol. 1, pp. 59-61.

“Moses (in Judaism),” in Harper’s Dictionary of Religion, ed. Jonathan Z. Smith (San

                Francisco: HarperCollins, 1995), pp. 731-32.

“Ahad Ha’am,” in Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation, ed. John H. Hayes (Nashville:

                Abingdon Press, 1999), vol. 1, p. 18.

“Concordances, Hebrew Bible,” in ibid., vol.1. pp. 210-11.

“Arnold B. Ehrlich,” in ibid., vol. 1, pp. 323-24.

“Samuel David Luzzatto,” in ibid., vol. 2. pp. 98-99.

“Solomon Mandelkern,” in ibid., vol. 2, p. 116.

“Solomon Schechter,” in ibid., vol. 2, p. 441.

 “Ecclesiastes,” in The Routledge Encyclopedia of Ancient Mediterranean Religions, ed. Eric

Orlin (London and New York: Routledge; 2016), p. 285.

“Job,” in ibid., p. 482.

“Proverbs,” in ibid., pp. 765-66.

“Wisdom Literature,” in ibid., pp. 1002-3.



Excerpts from the Babylonian epics Enuma Elish and Gilgamesh, in ‘Alilot Ha-reshit

                (Centre for Educational Technology, Ramat Aviv 2003), pp. 138-42 (from

Akkadian into Modern Hebrew).

“The Scroll of Esther: A New Translation,” Fiction  9/3 (1990), pp. 52-81 (from Biblical


Uriel Simon, “The Religious Significance of the Peshat,” Tradition 23 (1988), pp.  41-63 (from

                Modern Hebrew).

Scores of excerpts (100-1500 words) in The Hebrew Bible in Literary Criticism, ed.  Alex

Preminger & Edward L. Greenstein (New York: Frederick Ungar, 1986; from French,

German, Hebrew, Spanish).


Non-Academic Publications   Book


The Timetables of Jewish History (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993; Touchstone

                paperback ed., 1994; co-authored with Judah Gribetz and Regina Stein).


Articles, Notes, and Reviews


Scores of mostly brief articles in the Encyclopedia Judaica (Jerusalem: Keter

                Publishing, 1971).

“An Approach to Miracles in the Bible,” in Issues and Perspectives in Jewish

                Education (New York: Jewish Educators Assembly, 1980), pp. 43-47.

“M. M. Bravmann: A Sketch,” in Near Eastern Studies in Memory of M. M. Bravmann

                (Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society 11; 1981), pp. 1-2.

“Experiencing Shavuot with Your Havurah,” Havurah 1 (1981), pp. 1-2; correction:

                Havurah 2 (1981), p. 16.

“Against Interpreting the Bible,” Ikka D’Amrei [Jewish Theological Seminary student

                Journal] 4 (1982), pp. 27-39.

“What’s a Miracle?” article syndicated in several American Jewish newspapers, April

                7, 1982 (one page).

“The Bible—Now a Jewish Translation,” Jewish Press Features [Jewish Student Press

                Service], September 1983 (3 pages).

“Devar Torah on Parashat Bereishit,” Long Island Jewish World, September 30, 1983

                (one page).

“The Maccabees: Are They Heroes in the Biblical Sense?” B’nai Brith Jewish Monthly,

                December 1983, pp. 8-11.

“Understanding the Sinai Revelation” (Melton Research Center for Jewish Education;

                New York, 1984; 37 pages); also printed in Exodus: A Teacher’s Guide by

                Ruth Zielenziger (Melton Research Center, 1984; second ed. 1994), pp. 275-317.

Marginal comments to The Jewish Holidays by Michael Strassfeld (New York: Harper

                & Row, 1984) (about 20 pages).

“Devar Torah on Parashat Bo,” Long Island Jewish World, January 6, 1984 (one page).

“Devar Torah: Are We a Special People?” Long Island Jewish World, April 20, 1984

                (one page).

“Spiritual Values in Biblical Law,” [Jewish Theological] Seminary Bulletin 28/3

                (April 1984), pp. 5-6.

“Devar Torah on Parashat Masa’ei,” Long Island Jewish World, July 27, 1984 (one


“Devar Torah: Unity within Diversity will Bring Sukkah of Peace,” Long Island

                Jewish World, October 12, 1984 (one page).

“Jewish Terror—How Did We Get It?: An Interview with Uriel Simon,” Midstream,

                December 1984, pp. 31-34.

“Devar Torah on Parashat Va’eira,” Long Island Jewish World, January 18, 1985 (one


“Devar Torah on Parashat Vayikra,” Long Island Jewish World, March 22, 1985 (one


Interview on King David in People [magazine], April 8, 1985, pp. 67-73.

“Devar Torah on Parashat Naso,” Long Island Jewish World, May 1985 (one page).

“Introducing Judaism: A Communal Approach,” The Reconstructionist, June 1986, pp.


“Torah Calls for Tolerance, Not Territory,” Ometz Shaliach [Center for Conservative

Judaism on Campus publication], 3 (1986), p. 3.

“Devar Torah on Parashat Ki Tavo,” Long Island Jewish World, Sept. 19, 1986 (one


“How to Read Contradictions in Biblical Narrative,” in Jewish Theological Seminary

                Progress, June 1986, p. 3.

“Hanna-Barbera De-Judaizes the Bible,” in American Jewish Congress Monthly,

                February 1987, pp. 30-31.

Essays and Overviews, in Moses the Leader [Bible curriculum], Milwaukee Association

                For Jewish Education, Spring 1987 (about 20 pages).

“The Value of a Good Response,” Response 52 (Fall 1987), pp. 41-42.

Review of Congregation, in American Jewish Congress Monthly 55/4 (May-June 1988),

                pp. 18-19.

“To You Do I Call: A Critique of Impersonal Prayer,” The Reconstructionist, June 1988,

                pp. 13-16.

“Devar Torah on Parashat Mikketz,” Long Island Jewish World, December 9, 1988, p. 5.

“Purim and the Esther Scroll, or Exile Story,” Weekly Chronicles [Jewish Theological

                Seminary Student Life publication], March 9, 1989, p. 3.

“Get Happy: Musings on Sukkot,” Ansche Chesed [synagogue bulletin], October 1989,

                pp. 3, 5.

“Professor Moshe Held: Our Teacher,” in Semitic Studies in Memory of Moshe Held

                (Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society 19; 1989; coauthored with David

                Marcus), pp. 1-2.

“Devar Torah on Parashat Vayikra,” Weekly Chronicles [Jewish Theological Seminary

                Student Life publication], March 11, 1991, p. 1.

“In Memory of Prof. Baruch M. Bokser,” Journal of the [Jewish Theological Seminary]

                Alumni Association, June 1991, p. 13.

“In Memory of H. L. Ginsberg,” Jewish Studies Network 5/2 (Fall 1991), pp. 7-8;

                Reprinted in Hebrew in ‘et la‘asot [Schechter Institute for Jewish Studies

                Publication], Summer 1990, pp. 9-12; and in English and Hebrew in Ha-Do’ar

                71/12 (April 17, 1992), pp. 20-22.

Review of The World of Biblical Literature, in Forward, May 15, 1992, p. 10.

Review of Countertraditions in the Bible: A Feminist Approach, in The Jerusalem

                Report, October 22, 1992, pp. 47-48.

“The Pragmatist” [Devar Torah], The Jerusalem Report, December 3, 1992, p. 41.

Review of Countertraditions in the Bible: A Feminist Approach, in The Jerusalem

                Report, October 22, 1992, pp. 47-48.

“Devar Torah on Parashat Noah,” Weekly Chronicles [Jewish Theological Seminary

                Student Life publication], October 13, 1993, p. 1.

“Yochanan Muffs: Portrait of a Colleague and Friend,” in Comparative Studies in Honor

                of Yochanan Muffs (Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society 22; 1993), pp.

                1-2 (coauthored with David Marcus).

“It Was a Very Good Year,” Women’s League Outlook 64/3 (Spring 1994), pp. 26-27.

“Making Non-Sense of the Tenth Plague,” Masoret [Jewish Theological Seminary

                Magazine], Winter 1994, pp. 16-17.

“Beyond the Sovereign Self” [Devar Torah], The Jerusalem Report, Feb. 9, 1995, p. 45;

                Reprinted in G. Gorenberg (ed.), Seventy Facets: A Commentary on the Torah

                (Northvale, New Jersey: Jason Aronson, 1996), pp. 77-79.

“Our Values: Covenant or Contract?” Masoret [Jewish Theological Seminary magazine]

                (Winter 1995), p. 7.

“Remarks on the Death of Yitzhak Rabin,” Jewish Education 62/2 (Spring 1996), pp. 3-5.

“The Plague of Darkness” [Devar Torah], Daf Shevu’I [Center for Basic Jewish Studies,

                Bar-Ilan University] no. 221 (January 25, 1998), pp. 1-2 (in Hebrew).

“The Spiritual Meaning of the Leper’s Purification” [Devar Torah], Daf  Shevu’i [Center

                For Basic Jewish Studies, Bar-Ilan University] no. 284 (April 15, 1999), pp. 1-4.

“You are Not Bound to Complete the Task” [Devar Torah], Shabbat Shalom [of Netivot

                Shalom], no. 89 (July 2, 1999), pp. 2-3 (in Hebrew).

“Something Old, Something New,” Jewish Orthodox Feminist Alliance Journal 1/3

                (Summer 1999), pp. 1, 6 (coauthored with Beverly Gribetz).

“In Sorrow and in Anger” (Review of the Book of Lamentations: A Meditation and

                Translation), Forward, November 30, 2001, pp. 14-15.

“Follow the Formula,” Biblical Archaeology Review 28/1 (Jan.-Feb. 2002), pp. 12-13.

“Divine Integration,” MyJewishLearning.com, August 2002 (on-line; 3 pages).

“The Expression ḥaraṣ lašon,” Millat Ha-Parashah (National Center for the Hebrew

                Language), January 1, 2003 (on-line; one page; in Hebrew).

“Hebrew Philology Spells Fake,” Biblical Archaeology Review 29/3 (May-June 2003),

                pp. 28-30.

“The Good Air” [Devar Torah], Jerusalem Report, May 2003, p. 37.

Replies concerning “Hebrew Philology Spells Fake,” Biblical Archaeology Review 29/5

                (Sept.-Oct. 2003), p. 9.

“Some Methodological Principles in Determining that the So-Called Jehoash Inscription

                Is a Forgery,” apud Hershel Shanks, Jerusalem Forgery Conference, Special

                Report, Biblical Archaeological Society, 2007, Appendices, pp. 16-21.

Response to Devar Torah, Shabbat Shalom 523 (November 2007), p. 4 (in Hebrew).

“A Distinctly American Work: Roy Harris’ Third Symphony,” Iton 77, no. 325

(November 2007), p. 34 (in Hebrew).

“Yochanan Muffs, Scholar of Bible, Law and Languages, Is Dead,” Forward, December

                18, 2009 (published on-line December 9, 2009).

 “Tales from Ugarit Solve Biblical Puzzles,” Biblical Archaeology Review 36/6

(November/December 2010), pp. 48-53, 70.

Reply concerning “Tales from Ugarit Solve Biblical Puzzles,” Biblical Archaeology

                Review 37/2 (March/April 2011), pp. 75-77.

“There is What to Celebrate and What to be Concerned About” [invited comment in

Symposium “What Development in Jewish Studies over the Last Twenty Years

has Most Excited You?”] in AJS [Association for Jewish Studies] Perspectives,

Fall 2010 [appeared 2011], p. 56.

“When Job Sued God,” Biblical Archaeology Review 38/3 (May/June 2012), pp. 55-57,


Reply concerning “When Job Sued God,” Biblical Archaeology Review 38/5 (Sept./Oct.

                2012), p. 9.

“The Faith of Laughter: Laughter, Hope, and God in (Itzhak) Benyamini’s Thought,”

                online on the Resling Publishing website, Nov. 4, 2012, 2 pp. (in Hebrew).

“The Fugitive Hero,” Ha’aretz, April 5, 2013, Culture and Literature section, p. 4 (letter

response in Hebrew).

 “Is It Possible to Make Sense of a Biblical Ritual (Chok)?” [Devar Torah on Parashat

                Chukat], The Torah: A Historical and Contextual Approach.com (on-line;

                June 15, 2013), 2 pp.

 “Feed Your Servant as You Would Feed Yourself” [Devar Torah on Parashat

Mishpatim], Soul Food: The Leket Israel  Parashat  HaShavua  Project

(on-line, January 25, 2014), 2 pp.

“A Mysterious Transgression or a Mysterious Deity? [Devar Torah on Parashat Shemini],

The Torah.com (on-line; March 21, 2014), 4 pp.

“Menahem Haran: Appreciation and Remembrances,” On Bible, Teaching, and

                Education (blog of Dr. Lea Mazor; 26 May 2015), 2 pp. (in Hebrew).

“Voices in Lamentations: Dialogues in Trauma,” TheTorah.com (on-line, July 2015),

6 pp.

“The So-Called Jehoash Inscription: A Post Mortem,” ASOR Blog: Ancient Near Eastern

                Studies Today  (February 2016), 3 pp.

“An Inner-Biblical Elaboration of the Decalogue,” TheTorah.com (on-line, May 2016),

                5 pp.

“Prof. Greenstein Sees Common Fugitive Hero Story Pattern” [Letter], Biblical Archaeology

                Review 42/5 (Sept./Oct. 2016), pp. 8,10.

In Memoriam Victor (Avigdor) Hurowitz,” Archiv für Orientforschung (forthcoming).


Musical compositions

“Elohai N’shamah” (prayer), published in Jewish Theological Seminary student arts journal in 1972; used widely in American Jewish circles; arranged and performed by a synagogue choir in 2014.

“You Can’t Stop Now,” recorded by Shake Rabbis & Roll, Tales from the Upper West Side, 2005.

“After the Vacation’s Through,” recorded by SR2, Keep Your Day Job, 2008.

“Light a Candle,” recorded 2015, publication pending.


Scientific/social networks



Participation in International Academic Conferences (since 2001)

Lecture (invited): “Characterizing the Poetry of Job,” International Conference “Studies in Poetics and Historiography of the Bible,” Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, 1-2 January 2001.

Lecture (invited): “The Relation between Law and Narrative in the Pentateuch,” the international conference “Law and Literature: Mutual Negotiations,” Tel Aviv University, 3-5 June 2001.

Lecture (invited): “A Pragmatic Approach to Biblical Interpretation”; chaired a session on Interpretations of the Book of Job, the Thirteenth World Congress of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem, 12-17 August 2001.

Lecture (invited): “The Wrath at God in the Book of Lamentations,” the symposium “Evil and Its Symbols in Jewish and Christian Tradition,” the University of Bochum, Germany, 15-17 October 2001.

Lecture (invited): “To What Extent Can a Literary Study in which One Is Aware of the Connectedness of Language and Ancient Culture Contribute to an Understanding of Job 28?” the Colloquium “The Book of Job: Suffering and Cognition in Context,” The Netherlands Royal Academy of Sciences, Amsterdam, 18-19 April 2002.

Lecture (invited): “New Evidence of Canaanite Hif‘il,” the International Conference on Biblical Hebrew in Its Northwest Semitic Setting, the Institute for Advanced Studies of the Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 11-12 June 2002.

Lecture: “Who Has Seen the Wind/Spirit?  The Identity of the Speaker in Job 4:12-21,” the annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Toronto, 22-25 November 2002.

Lecture (invited): “Wisdom in the Book of Job—A Question,” the international conference “Wisdom—Its Pillars are Seven: Wisdom Literature in Ancient Israel and in Neighboring Lands,” Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheba, 12 January 2003 (in Hebrew).

Lecture (invited): “Some Remarks on Metaphors in the Poetry of Job,” the annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature; also lectured on the so-called Jehoash Inscription for the Biblical Archaeological Society, Atlanta, 22-25 November 2003.

Lecture (invited): “H. L. Ginsberg and the Book of Job,” the conference “Remembering H. L. Ginsberg,” the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York, 28 April 2004.

Keynote Address (invited): “Reading for Meaning: A Pragmatic Pedagogy of Bible”; Response on the plenary session “Goals for the Teaching of Bible,” the conference “Teaching Bible: Bridging Scholarship and Pedagogy,” Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass., 30-31 January 2005.

Lecture (invited): “The Book of Lamentations: Response to Destruction or Ritual of Rebuilding?”; Greetings and Closing remarks, international symposium at Tel Aviv University, 21-23 March 2005.

Chaired a plenary session on “Recent Trends in Biblical Studies,” the Fourteenth World Congress of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem, 31 July-4 August 2005 (Hebrew and English).

Lecture (invited): “Features of Language in the Poetry of Job,” symposium on “Das Buch Hiob und seine Interpretationen,” sponsored by the Swiss Academy of Sciences, Monte Verita, Ascona, Switzerland, 14-19 August 2005.

Lecture (invited): “Writing a Commentary on the Book of Job,” annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Philadelphia, 19-22 November 2005.

Lecture (invited): “From Oral Epic to Writerly Verse and Some of the Stages in Between,” annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Washington, D.C., November 18, 2006.

Lecture (invited): “What I Learn from the CAD and What the CAD Can Learn from Me,” annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, San Diego, November 2007.

Lecture: “The Poetic Use of Akkadian in the Book of Job,” annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, November 2008.

Lecture (invited): “Remarks on How To Read the Bible by James L. Kugel,” annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, November 2008.

Lecture: “Argument from Tradition and Argument from Experience in the Book of Job”—Conference on “The Bible and Philosophy: Rethinking the Fundamentals” at the Shalem Center, Jerusalem, October 2009.


Lecture (invited): “Remarks on David Clines’ Commentary on Job and the State of Job Philology Today,” Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting, New Orleans, November 2009.


Lecture (invited): “Wisdom Undermined: A New Look at the Book of Job”—International conference on the Bible and Literature, Bar Ilan University, November 2009.


Lecture (invited): “Signs of Poetry Past: Literariness on Pre-Biblical Hebrew Literature”—Conference on “The Biblical Literary”—Hebrew University of Jerusalem, June 2010.


Lecture (invited): “Remarks on Ellen van Wolde’s Reframing Biblical Studies”—Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Atlanta, November 2010.

Lecture: “An Akkadian Etymology and a Different Meaning for Hebrew bāgad,” Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting, San Francisco, November 20, 2011.

Lecture: “Wisdom in Ugaritic,” annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, November 21, 2011.

Lecture (invited): The Book of Job and Mesopotamian Literature: How Many Degrees of Separation,” annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Chicago, November 2012.

Chaired a session on Hebrew Linguistics, the annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Chicago, November 2012.

Lecture (invited): “The Postmodern Study of the Bible and Jewish Hermeneutics,” World Congress of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem, August 2013.

Lecture (invited): “Philological Principles in Practice: The Case of Job 12,” Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Baltimore, November 2013.

Lecture (invited): “Finding One’s Way in Proverbs 30:18-19), Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Baltimore, November 2013.

Lecture (invited): “‘A Fugitive Aramean Was My Father’: The Stories of Jacob-Israel and the Fugitive Hero Pattern,” international conference on literary approaches to the Book of Genesis, Bar-Ilan University, June 2014.

Lecture (invited): “Remarks on The Senses of Scripture by Yael Avrahami,” annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature,” San Diego, November 2014.

Lecture (invited): “Metaphors of Illness and Wellness in Job,” annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, San Diego, November 2014.

Chaired a session at the international conference on Prophecy, Bar-Ilan University, June 2015.

Response (invited) on “The Tiberias Project”, annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Atlanta, November 2015.


תאריך עדכון אחרון : 06/01/2019