Prof. Michael Avioz

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Josephus' Interpretation of the Bible

Biblical Historiography

Biblical Prophecy



Books (as author)

1.     Nathan's Oracle( 2 Samuel 7) and Its Interpreters, Bern: Peter Lang, 2005, 230 pp.

2.      Jeremiah's Oracles, Tel Aviv: MOD, 2005 (Hebrew), 100 pp.

I Sat Alone: Jeremiah among the Prophets (Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2009, 95 pp.). Revised English Translation.

3. Josephus' Interpretation of the Books of Samuel, London and New York: Bloomsbury,  2015 […]

4. ,  Legal Exegesis of Scripture in the Works of Josephus, Bloomsbury, Forthcoming

Books (as Editor)

1.      M. Zipor and M. Avioz (eds.), Mehkerei Morashtenu (=Morashtenu Studies II- III): Zvi Betzer ––in Memoriam, 358 pp., Rehovot, Moreshet Yaakov College, 2004 (Hebrew).

2.      M. Avioz, E. Assis, and Y. Shemesh (eds.), Zer Rimonim: Studies in Biblical Literature and Jewish Exegesis Presented to Professor Rimon Kasher (Atlanta: SBL, 2013).

3. Ben Porat Yosef: Studies in the Bible and Its World Essays in Honor of Joseph Fleishman, Münster: Ugarit Verlag 2019, with Y. Shemesh and O. Minka


Articles in Periodicals


  1. Translating HUM  in Genesis 30 ZAW 131 (2019),459-463
  2. "The Place of Josephus in Abravanel's Writings", Hebrew Studies (forthcoming in 2019). 23 Printed pages 2019
  3. “Geography in Josephus’s Antiquities 5-7”, REJ 178 (2019), 233-243. 
  4. “The Literary Structure of the Books of Samuel: Setting the Stage for a Coherent Reading”, Currents in Biblical Research 16 (2017), pp. 8-33. 
  5. “The Law of the Rebellious Son (Deut. 21:18-21) according to Josephus", Zeitschrift für Altorientalische und Biblische Rechtsgeschichte (ZAR), 22 2016, pp. 177-184 [Published in 2017]. 
  6. Why Did Joseph Kiss His Father (Genesis 50,1)? A New Proposal", SJOT 29 (2015) 241-246"
  7. (The Missing Oath: 1 Samuel 30, 15 Reexamined", ZAW 128 (2016
  8. "The Philistines in Josephus' Writings", Theologische Zeitschrift 71 (2015), 144-155
  9. " "The Purification of the Levites according to Josephus", ETL, 90 (2014) pp. 441-451
  10. "Is There a Pre-Trial Procedure in Jeremiah 26". Zeitschrift für altorientalische und biblische Rechtsgeschichte 19 (2013), pp. 249-252 (Published in May 2014).
  11. "Death, Burial and Mourning in Josephus' Writings", Cathedra 142 (2014), 7-36 (Hebrew). 
  12. "Josephus’ Concept of Miracles", Zutot 9 (2012) [Published in 2013]
  13. "Divine Intervention and Human Error in the Absalom Narrative", JSOT 37 (2013), pp. 339-347
  14.   "Josephus' Retelling of the Jonathan Narratives", Journal for the Study of Pseudepigrapha 22 (2012), pp. 68-86.
  15. "The Spring of the Year (2 Chron. 36:10) and the Chronicler's Sources", Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 12 (2012)

  16.  "The Names Mephibosheth and Ish-bosheth", JANES 32 (2011), pp. 11-20.

     "Josephus Portrait of Michal", JSQ 18 (2011), 1-18

  17. "The incineration of Saul’s and his sons’ corpses according to Josephus", Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha 18 (2009), pp. 285-292
  18. "What Happened at Megiddo? Josiah's Death as Described in the Book of Kings", Biblische Notizen, 142 (2009), pp. 5-11
  19. "The Origins of the Term neviim rishonim", Jewish Studies, an Internet Journal, 8 (2009)  pp. 1-7  (Hebrew.) (
  20. "An Eye for an Eye according to Josephus", Beit Mikra 54  (2009) pp. 97-108   (Hebrew).
  21. "The Motif of Beauty in the Books of Samuel-Kings", Vetus Testamentum 59 (2009) , pp. 341-359.
  22. "Moses in the Passover Haggadah", Horizons in Biblical Theology 31 (2009), pp. 45-50.
  23. "Saul as a Just Judge in Josephus' Antiquities of the Jews", Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 8  (2008) pp. 1-9  . Available: Reprinted in E. Ben Zvi (ed.), Perspectives on Hebrew Scriptures, V, Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2009, 391-400).
  24. "'He went into the house of the Lord' (2 Sam 12:20): Where Did David Go?", Shnaton: An Annual for Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies 18 (2008), pp. 3-12  (Hebrew).
  25. "Josephus' Rewriting of 1 Samuel 25", Journal of Jewish Studies 59 (2008), pp. 73-85.
  26. "The Chronicler's Use of Sources in Chronicles 10", Transeuphratene, 34 (2007), pp. 11-16 (a revised version was reprinted in: Thinking Towards New Horizons: Collected Communications to the XIXth Congress of the International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament, Ljubljana 2007,  ed. M. Augustin and H. M. Niemann (Bern: Peter Lang, 2008), pp. 113-119.
  27. "Josiah's Death in the Book of Kings: A New Solution to an Old Theological Conundrum", Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses, 83 (2007), 359-366.
  28. "The Role and Significance of Jebus in Judges 19", Biblische Zeitschrift, 51  (2007), pp. 249-256.
  29.  "The Narrative of Jehoiachin's Release from Prison Its Literary Context and Theological Significance", Shnaton: An Annual for Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, 16 (2006), pp. 29-41 (Hebrew).
  30.  "R. Raphael Berdugo's Method of Reconciling Contradictions in the Bible", Review of Rabbinic Judaism, 9  (2006) pp. 114-125.
  31.  "The Book of Kings in Recent Research, Part II", Currents in Biblical Research 5 (2006), pp. 11-57.
  32.  "A Rhetorical Analysis of Jeremiah 7:1-15", Tyndale Bulletin 57 (2006), pp. 173-190.
  33.  "The Analogies between the David-Bathsheba Affair and the Naboth Narrative", Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages, 32 (2006), pp. 115-128.
  34.  "Josephus's Portrayal of Lot and His Family", Journal For the Study of Pseudepigrapha, 16 (2006), pp. 3-13 .
  35.  "Josephus' Retelling of Nathan's Oracle (2 Sam 7)", Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament 20 (2006), pp. 9-17.
  36.  "The Characterization of Solomon in Solomon's Prayer", Biblische Notizen, 126 (2005), pp. 19-28.
  37.  "Could Saul Rule Forever? A New Look at  Samuel 13:13-14",  Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 5. 2005 (reprinted in E. Ben Zvi [ed.], Perspectives in Hebrew Scriptures II: Comprising the Contents of Journal of Hebrew Scriptures, vol.  [Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2007], 311-316]).
  38.  "The Book of Kings in Recent Research, Part I", Currents in Biblical Research, 4 (2005), pp. 11-55.
  39.  "The Call for Revenge in Jeremiah's Laments (Jer XI-XX)", Vetus Testamentum, 55 (2005), pp. 1-10.
  40.  "The Date of the Destruction of the First Temple in Ancient Versions and in Early Biblical Interpretation", Textus, 22 (2005), pp. 87-94.
  41.  "Nathan's Prophecy in II Sam  7 and in 1 Chr 17: Text, Context and Meaning", Zeitschrift fur die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft, 114 (2004), 442-554 
  42.  "When Was the First Temple Destroyed, According to the Bible?", Biblica, 84 (2003) , pp. 562-565.
  43.  "The Identity of the Enemy from the North in the Book of Jeremiah", Beit Mikra, 46 (2001) , pp. 322-334  (Hebrew).
  44.  "Biography as a Literary Genre in the Bible", Proceedings of the World Twelfth World Congress of Jewish Studies, Division A, Jerusalem 1999, pp. 79-88 (Hebrew


Articles and Chapters in Books

  1. .      "The Abraham Narrative in Josephus' Retelling", in Adams, S.A. and Domoney-Lyttle, Z. (eds.) Abraham in Jewish and early Christian literature. Library for Second Temple Studies Series. London: Bloomsbury/T&T Clark 2019, 93-108.
  2. “The Septuagint in Josephus's Writings” in Handbuch zur Septuaginta. Handbook of the Septuagint. LXX.H, Vol. 6, Wirkungsgeschichte, ed. M. Meiser and F. Wilk (Munich: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, forthcoming), 5 printed pages.
  3. "‘A Man of Shame’: Ridiculing Saul's Son, Ishbosheth", in K. Bodner and B. Johnson (eds.), Characters and Characterization in the Book of Samuel (London: Bloomsbury, 2019), 12 Printed pages.
  4. "The Abraham Narrative in Josephus' Retelling", in S. Adams (ed.), Abraham in Jewish and Early Christian Literature (London: Bloomsbury, 2019), 17 printed pages.
  5. “The Law of the Sotah (Wayward Wife) according to Josephus”, in S. Jacobs (ed.), The Dynamics of Early Judaean Law: Studies in the Diversity of Ancient Social and Communal Legislation (BZAW; Berlian: De Gruyter; Forthcoming).
  6. “Retelling the David and Bathsheba Narrative in Josephus' Antiquities”, in M. Zawanowska (ed.), Warrior, Poet, Prophet and King: The Character of David in Judaism, Christianity and Islam (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, Forthcoming).
  7. "Land, Concept of", T&T Clark Companion to Second Temple Judaism, vols. I-II. ed. / Daniel M. Gurtner; Loren T. Stuckenbruck (London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, forthcoming).
  8.  Textual Criticism in R. Raphael Berdigo's Writings", Moshe Amar Volume, Ashkelon: Bialik institute; in Hebrew) 41-54)

2. "Land Theology in Josephus. A Reappraisal", in K. Berthelot and M. Hirshman (eds.), The Gift of the Land and the Fate of the Canaanites in the History of Jewish Thought, from Antiquity to the Modern Period, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, 36-49.

3/ "Echoes of Nathan's Oracle (2 Samuel 7) in the Book of Samuel", in S. Vargon, R. Kasher, A. Frisch, J. Kugel (eds.), Iyuney Mikra U-farshanut (Moshe Garsiel's Festschrift), vol. 9 (2009), pp. 143-166

4. "The Davidic Covenant in 2 Samuel 7: Conditional or Unconditional?", in G. Galil, A. Gilboa, A.M. Maeir, and D. Kahn (eds.), The Ancient Near East in the 12th–10th Centuries BCE: Culture and History. Proceedings of the International Conference Held at the University of Haifa, 2–5 May, 2010 (AOAT 392), Münster 2012, pp. 43-53