פרופ' יעקב קליין
1. Bar‑Ilan University, Ramat‑Gan, Israel:
B.A. Degree in Bible and Talmud ‑ 1960
M.A. Degree in Bible ‑ 1961
2. The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel:
Graduate Work in Assyriology, 1961‑1962
3. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Department of Oriental Studies:
Ph.D. Degree in Oriental Studies
At Bar-Ilan University
1. Bar‑Ilan University, Departments of Hebrew and Bible: Senior Lecturer in Assyriology and Bible (1970‑1980); Associate Professor (1980‑1990); Professor (1990‑2002); Professor Emeritus (from 2003)
2. Samuel Noah Kramer Institute of Assyriology: Director (1983‑1987;1989-1994; 1995-1997; 2000-2001)
3. Bar-Ilan University, Center for Basic Jewish Studies, Chairman, 1995-1997
4. Bar-Ilan University, Department of Bible, Chairman, 1999-2001
1. Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Department of Assyriology: Visiting Senior Lecturer in Assyriology (1973‑1975)
2. Ben‑Gurion University in the Negev, Department of Bible and The Ancient Near East: Visiting Professor (1974‑1976; 1979‑2001)
3. University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Babylonian Section: Visiting Rsearch Fellow on the Sumerian Dictionary Project (1976-1979; 1987‑1988)
4. Dropsie University, Philadelphia: Visiting Associate Professor in Semitic Linguistics (1977‑1979)
5. Tel‑Aviv University, Department of Comparative Literature: Visiting Senior Lecturer (1980)
6. Yale University, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Literatures: Visiting Professor (1987)
7. Center for Judaic Studies, University of Pennsylvania, Fellow (1997-1998)
8. Barnard Revel Graduate School, Yeshiva University: Visiting Professor (1998)
Membership in Scholarly Societies
1. American Oriental Society (1968 - to the present)
2. World Union of Jewish Studies (1977 - to the present)
3. The Israel Society of Assyriology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies (1996 - to the present)
4. International Association for Assyriology (2003 - to the present)
5. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities (2005 - to the present)
6. Society of Biblical Literature (2006 - to the present)
1. Three Šulgi Hymns: Sumerian Royal Hymns Glorifying King Šulgi of Ur (Bar‑Ilan Studies in Near Eastern Languages and Culture, Publications of the Bar‑Ilan University Institute of Assyriology), Ramat Gan, 1981
2. The Royal Hymns of Shulgi King of Ur: Man's Quest for Immortal Fame (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 71, part 7), Philadelphia, 1981
3. In Those Distant Days: Anthology of Ancient Near Eastern Poetry in Hebrew, Tel-Aviv 1996 (co-author: Sh. Shifra)
1. The Book of Genesis, World of the Bible Encyclopaedia (co-editor), Chief eds. M. Haran and M. Weinfeld, Jerusalem ‑ Ramat‑Gan, 1982 (in Hebrew)
2. Megilloth I‑II, World of the Bible Encyclopaedia, Jerusalem ‑ Ramat‑Gan, 1987‑1988; second edition Megilloth, World of the Bible, Tel-Aviv 1996) (in Hebrew)
3. Bar‑Ilan Studies in Assyriology Dedicated to Pinhas Artzi (Bar‑Ilan Studies in Near Eastern Languages and Culture, Publications of the Bar‑Ilan University Institute of Assyriology), Ramat‑Gan 1990 (co‑editor: Aaron Skaist)
4. Job, World of the Bible, Tel-Aviv 1996 (in Hebrew)
5. Studies in Bible and Exegesis, Vol. V, Presented to Menachem Cohen, edited by Shmuel Vargon et alii, (Bar-Ilan Departmental Researches, Department of Bible), Ramat-Gan 2004 (co-editor) (in Hebrew)
6. In Memory of Hayim Tadmor, Jerusalem. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 2010 (in Hebrew) (co-editor: Israel Eph‘al)
1. "Sum. ga‑raš = Akk. purussû," Journal of Cuneiform Studies 23 (1971), pp. 118‑122
2. Review of C. Wilcke, Das Lugalbandaepos, in Journal of American Oriental Society 91 (1971), pp. 295‑299
3. Review of Eretz‑Israel 9 (1969), in Journal of Near Eastern Studies 32 (1973), pp. 270‑272
4. "Heb. knn in the Light of Akk. kanānu" (in Hebrew), Lešonenu 40 (1975‑1976), pp. 95‑116 (co‑author M. Moreshet)
5. "Šulgi and Gilgameš: The Two Brother‑Peers," Kramer Anniversary Volume (AOAT 25), 1976, pp. 271‑292
6. "ŠEBER RA`BON (Gen. 42:19) in the Light of an Old Babylonian Parallel," The Proceedings of the Sixth World Congress of Jewish Studies I (1977), pp. 237‑244
7. "ū dākū ‑ the Linguistic Issue" (appendix to A. Altman, "The Fate of Abdi‑Ashirta), Ugarit‑Forschung 9 (1977), 10‑11
8. "The Reading and Pronounciation of the Sumerian Word for Monkey," Journal of Cuneiform Studies 31 (1979), pp. 149‑160
9. "Some Rare Sumerian Words Gleaned from the Royal Hymns of Šulgi," Studies in Hebrew and Semitic Languages Dedicated to the Memory of E.Y. Kutscher, ed. G.B. Sarfatti et alii, 1980, pp. IX‑XXVIII
10. "The Theory of the 'Joined Proverbs' in Moshe Kimchi's Commentary on the Book of Proverbs," Studies in Bible and Exegesis Arie Toeg in Memoriam, edited by U. Simon and M. Goshen‑Gottstein, Ramat‑Gan, 1980, pp. 209‑228 (in Hebrew)
11. "'Personal God' and Individual Prayer in Sumerian Religion," Archiv für Orientforschung, Beiheft 19, 1982 (=CRRAI XXVIII), pp. 295‑306.
12. "The Capture of Agga by Gilgameš (GA 81 and 99)," Journal of American Oriental Society 103 (Studies in Literature from the Ancient Near East... dedicated to Samuel Noah Kramer, ed. J.M. Sasson) 1983, pp. 201‑204
13. "Šulgi and Išmedagan: Runners in the Service of the Gods (SRT 13)," Beer‑Sheva 2 (1985), pp. 7*‑38*
14. "On Writing Monumental Inscriptions in Ur III Scribal Curriculum," Revue d'Assyriologie 80 (1986), pp. 1‑7.
15. "The Birth of a Crownprince in the Temple: A Neo‑Sumerian Literary Topos," La femme dans le Proche Orient Antique (CRRAI XXXIII), ed. J.‑ M. Durand, 1987, pp. 97‑106
16. "The Concept of 'Abomination' in Mesopotamian Literature and the Bible" (in Hebrew), Beer‑Sheva 3 (Linguistic Studies in Memory of Moshe Held), 1988, pp. 131‑148 (co‑author Y. Sefati)
17. "Building and Dedication Hymns in Sumerian Literature," Acta Sumerologica 11 (1989) 27‑67
18. "From Gudea to Šulgi: Continuity and Change in Sumerian Literary Tradition," dumu‑e2‑dub‑ba‑a: Studies in Honor of Åke W. Sjöberg, 1989, ed. H. Behrens, D. Loding, M. Roth, pp. 289‑301
19. "Šulgi and Išmedagan: Originality and Dependence in Sumerian Royal Hymnology," Bar‑Ilan Studies in Assyriology Dedicated to Pinhas Artzi, 1990, ed. J. Klein and A. Skaist, pp. 65‑136
20. "Šeleppūtum ‑ a Hitherto Unknown Ur III Princess," Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 80 (1990), pp. 20‑39
21. "Notes to Atram‑H}asīs, Tablet II: (a) The Episode of the Famine according to the Assyrian Version; (b) The Old Babylonian Version of the 'Messengers' Motif," N.A.B.U. 1990 (n.3), 76‑79 23.
22. "The Bane of Humanity: A Lifespan of One Hundred Twenty Years," Acta Sumerologica 12 (1990), pp. 57‑70
23. "The Coronation and Consecration of Šulgi in the Ekur (Šulgi O)," M. Cogan and I. Ephal (eds.), Ah Assyria...: Studies in Assyrian History and Ancient Near Eastern Historiography, Presented to Hayim Tadmor (Scripta Hierosolymitana 33), 1991, pp. 292‑313
24. "A New Nippur Duplicate of the Sumerian Kinglist in the Brockmon Collection, University of Haifa," Velles Paraules: Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Honor of Miguel Civil (Aula Orientalis 9 ) 123‑129
25. "Raphael Kutscher (1938‑1989), Archiv für Orientforschung 38-39 (1991/92) 265-267
26. "Akitu (New Year Festival)," Anchor Bible Dictionary, 1992, vol. 1, pp. 138‑140; "Sacred Marriage," ibid., vol. 5, pp. 866‑870
27. "The Contribution of Judaism to Human Spirituality in the Eyes of a Hungarian Historian" (review of G. Komoróczy, Bezárkozás a Nemzeti Hagyományba 1992), Jewish Studies 33 (1993) 53-62 (in Hebrew)
28. "A Self‑Laudatory Šulgi Hymn Fragment from Nippur," M.E. Cohen et alii (eds.), The Tablet and the Scroll: Near Eastern Studies in Honor of William W. Hallo (1993) 124‑131
29. "Additional Notes to 'The Marriage of Martu," kinattūtu ša dārāti: Raphael Kutscher Memorial Volume (Tel Aviv, Occasional Publications, No. 1, 1993) 93-106
30. Review of Jan van Dijk, Literarische Texte aus Babylon (VAS 24) 1987 (in Orientalistische Literaturzeitung 89  272-276)
31. "Shulgi of Ur: King of a Neo-Sumerian Empire," Jack A. Sasson (ed.), Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, vol. 2, 1995, pp. 843-857
32. "Ancient Near Eastern Languages," Encyclopaedia Hebraica, Supplement Volume 3, 1995, Cols. 1012-1014 (editor and author of the entry "Sumerian") (co-editor: Sh. Izre’el)
33. "One More šu-ba-ti Tablet from Umma," NABU 1995, p. 83
34. "The Marriage of Martu: The Urbanization of 'Barbaric Nomads'," M. Malul (ed.), Mutual Influences of Peoples in the Ancient Near East (Michmanim 9 ), pp. 83-96
35. Annotated translations of Sumerian literary compositons in W.W. Hallo (ed.), The Context of Scripture I, Leiden 1997: "Enki and Ninmah" (pp. 516-518), "Lamentation over the Destruction of Ur" (pp. 535-539), "The Birth of Shulgi in the Temple of Nippur" (pp. 552-553) and "Man and His God" (pp. 573-575)
36. "The God Martu in Sumerian Literature," Sumerian Gods and Their Representations (Cuneiform Monographs 7), 1997, ed. by I.L. Finkel and M.J. Geller, pp. 99-116
37. "The Origin and Development of Languages on Earth: The Sumerian versus the Biblical View," Tehillah le-Moshe: Biblical and Judaic Studies in Honor of Moshe Greenberg, ed. by M. Cogan, B.L. Eichler and J.H. Tigay, Winona Lake 1997, pp. 77*-92* (in Hebrew)
38. "The Sumerian me as a Concrete Object," Altorientalische Forschungen 24 [H. Klengel FS] (1997) 211-218
39. "The Sweet Chant of the Churn: A Revised Edition of Išmedagan J," M. Dietrich and O. Loretz (eds.), dub-sar anta-men. Studien zur Altorientalistik: Festschrift für Willem H.Ph. Römer, Münster 1998, pp. 205-222
40. Entries in the Reallexikon der Assyriologie, vol. 9 (1998-2001): "Namtar," pp. 142-145; "Niggina/Kittum," pp. 311-312; "Ninegalla, pp. 342-347; "Nippur: Sumerisch" (532-539).
41. "Problems of Geography in the Gilgamesh Epics: The Journey to the 'Cedar Forest'," L. Milano et alii (eds.), Landscapes, Territories, Frontiers and Horizons in the Ancient Near East (History of the Ancient Near East/ Monographs III, 3), Padova 1999, pp. 63-73 (co-author Kathleen Abraham)
42. "'The Ballade about Early Rulers' in Eastern and Western Traditions," in K. van Lerberghe and G. Voet (eds.), Languages and Cultures in Contact: At the Crossroads of Civilizations in the Syro-Mesopotamian Realm (Orientalia Lovanensia Analecta 96) 2000, pp. 203-216
43. "The So-Called 'Spell of Nudimmud' (ELA 134-155): A Re-Examination," Simonetta Graziani (ed.), Studi sul Vicino Oriente Antico dedicata alla memoria di Luigi Cagni (Istituto Universitario Orientale. Dipartmento di Studi Asiatici, Series Minor 61), Napoli 2000, pp. 563-584
44. "The Genealogy of Nanna-Suen and Its Historical Background," in P. Steinkeller et ali (eds.), Historiography in the Cuneiform World (=Proceedings of the 45e Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Harvard, 6/1998), Bethesda 2001, pp. 279-301
45. "A New Look at the 'Oppression of Uruk' Episode in the Gilgameš Epic," T. Abusch (ed.), Riches Hidden in Secret Places: Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Memory of Thorkild Jacobsen, Winona Lake, Indiana 2002, pp. 187-201
46. "Two Sumerian Administrative Tablets From a Private Collection," in H. Waetzoldt (ed.), Von Sumer nach Ebla und zurück. Festschrift für Giovanni Pettinato (Heidelberger Studien zum Alten Orient 9), Heidelberg 2004, pp. 93-100 (co-author Kathleen Abraham).
47. חרמש" and מגל in the Bible and their Parallels - Ugaritic h~rmt`t and Akkaddian niggallu," in Z. Talshir, Sh. Jona, D. Sivan (eds.), Homage to Shmuel: Studies in the World of the Bible, Jerusalem 2001, pp. 245-268 (co-author Chaim Cohen)
48. "Wordplay in Sumerian Literature," in S. Noegel (ed.), Puns and Pundits: Word Play in the Hebrew Bible and Ancient Near Eastern Literature, Bethesda 2000, pp. 23-61 (co-author Y. Sefati)
49. "The Birth of Kingship: From Democracy to Monarchy in Sumer," Archaeology Odissey 4 (January-February 2001), pp. 17-25
50. "The Law of the Sorceress (Exod 22:17) in the Light of Biblical and Mesopotamian Parallels," in Ch.H. Cohen, A. Hurvitz and Sh. Paul (eds.), Sefer Moshe: The Moshe Weinfeld Jubilee Volume, Winona Lake, Indiana 2004, pp. 171-190 (co-author: Y. Sefati).
51. "The Role of Women in Mesopotamian Witchcraft," S. Parpola and R.M. Whiting (eds.), Proceedings of the 47th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, 2003, pp. 569-587. Co-author: Y. Sefati.
52. "An Old Babylonian Edition of an Early Dynastic Collection of Insults (BT 9)," W. Sallaberger, K. Volk und A. Zgoll (eds.), Literatur, Politik und Recht in Mesopotamien: Festschrift für Claus Wilcke (Orientalia Biblica et Christina 14), Wiesbaden 2003, pp.135-149).
53. "The Letter of the King of Beiruth to the King of Ugarit: A Different Interpretation," R. Deutsch (ed.), Shlomo: Studies in Epigraphy, Iconography, History and Archaeology in Honor of Shlomo Moussaieff (Archaeological Center Publication) 2003, Tel Aviv , pp. 23-35 (co-authors: P. Artzi and D. Elgavish).
54. An “Old-Akkadian” Sale Document From an Unknown Provenance, in A.K. Guinan et alii (eds.), If a Man Builds a Joyful House: Assyriological Studies in Honor of Erle Verdun Leichty (Cuneiform Monographs 31), Brill NV, Leiden 2006, pp. 223-235
55. “‘Hadrat Qodeš’ according to the Biblical Literal Sense,” in M. Heltzer and M. Malul (eds.), Teshûrôt LaAvishur: Studies in the Bible and the Ancient Near East, in Hebrew and Semitic Languages – Festschrift presented to Yitshak Avishur (Archaeological Center Publications), Tel Aviv 2004, pp. 301-320 (in Hebrew).
56. “Six New Archaic Tablets from Uruk,” Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 94/2 (2004) 161-174.
57. "The Independent Pronouns in the Šulgi Hymns," in J. Black and G. Zólyomi (eds.), The Study of Diachronic and Synchronic Variation in Sumerian (Acta Sumerologica 22, Special Volume in Honor of Mamoru Yoshikawa, 1), 2005, pp. 135-152
58. "Assyriology and Ancient Middle East Studies in Bar-Ilan," D. Schwartz (ed.), Bar-Ilan University: From Concept to Enterprise I, Ramat-Gan (2006) 235-244 (in Hebrew)
59. "‘Man and His God’: A Wisdom Poem or a Cultic Lament?" Approaches to Sumerian Literature. Studies in Honour of Stip (H.L.J. Vanstiphout). Cuneiform Monographs 35. Edited by P. Michalowski and N. Veldhuis. Leiden: Brill 2006, pp. 123-143
60. "Sumerian Kingship and the Gods," in G. Beckman and Th.J. Lewis (eds.), Text Artifact, and Image: Revealing Ancient Israelite Religion (Brown Judaic Studies 346), Providence, Rhode Island 2006
61. "The Image of Shulgi, King of Ur, in Sumerian Hymnal Literature," in Igeret (Bulletin) of the Israel Academy of Sciences 28 (2006), pp. 6-12 (in Hebrew)
62. "A Collection of Model Court Cases from Old Babylonian Nippur (CBS 11324)," Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 97 (2007) 1-25 (co-author: T.M. Sharlach).
63. "Pinhas Artzi (1923-2007)," in Shnaton XVII (2007) 13-17 (in Hebrew)
64. "Four Early Mesopotamian ‘Building’ Inscriptions from the Moussaieff Collection," in M. Cogan and D. Kahn (eds.), Treasures on Camels' Humps: Historical and Literary Studies from the Ancient Near East Presented to Israel Eph‘al, The Hebrew University Magnes Press, Jerusalem 2008, pp. 153-182
65. "A New Sargon II Cylinder Fragment from an Unknown Provenance," Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 97 (2007) 252-261 (co-author Kathleen Abraham)
66. "The Brockmon Collection Duplicate of the Sumerian Kinglist (BT 14)," P. Michalowski (ed.), On Ur III Times: Studies in Honor or Marcel Sigrist (Journal of Cuneiform Studies Supplementary Series 1), 2008, pp.77-91.
67. "'Secular' Love Songs in Mesopotamian Literature," Ch. Cohen et alii (eds.), Birkat Shalom: Studies in theBible, Ancient Near Eastern Literature, and Postbiblical Judaism Presented to Shalom M. Pau, Eisenbraus, Winona Lake, Indiana 2008, pp.613-626 (co-author: Y. Sefati)
68. "The Assumed Human Origin of Divine Dumuzi: A Reconsideration," Language in the Ancient Near East (Proceedings of the 53e Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale) vol.1, Part 2, W Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns 2010, pp. 1121-1134
69. "Observations on the Literary Structure of Early Mesopotamian Building and Votive Inscriptions," in Your Praise is Sweet: A Memorial Volume for Jeremy Black, edited by H.D. Baker, E. Robson, and G. Zólyomi, London: British Institute for the Study of Iraq, 2010, pp. 173-181
70. “The Bible and Mesopotamian Literature – Genesis Traditions, Wisdom Literature and Lamentations,” in: Z. Talshir (ed.), The Literature of the Hebrew Bible: Introductions and Studies, Jerusalem: Yad Ben-Zvi Press 2011, pp. 523-579 (in Hebrew)
71. “A New Look at the Theological Background of the Mesopotamian and Biblical Flood Stories,” in: G. Frame, E. Leichty, K. Sonik, J. Tigay, S. Tinney (eds.), A Common Cultural Heritage: Studies on Mesopotamia and the Biblical World in Honor of Barry L. Eichler, Bethesda MD: CDL Press, 2011, pp. 151-176
Psalms; Proverbs; Job; Song of Songs; Lamentations; Ecclesiastes; Biblical Hebrew
The Bible and Mesopotamian Literature
The Bible and Mesopotamian Civilization
Wisdom Literature in the Bible and Mesopotamia
Akkadian and Sumerian language courses on all levels.
Readings in Akkadian Literature
Readings in Sumerian Literary Texts